PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION

                                                    BY THE AUTHOR

Nepal continues to be a mystery land hidden in the little mountain groove confined all to itself. The almost beastly conditions in this part of the world, primitive as well as gruesome can be imagined than described in words. Yet it is not an ordinary case of neither a primitive and backward environment deliberately maintained, nor the commonplace isolation and of naked tyranny and enslavement. A century of family autocracy with all its cruelty and exploitation sits heavily tight on its breast arresting it s growth in all directions. Nowhere in this age is an example of a family ruling by virtue of propriety rights so shamelessly evident in its entire phase of vile persistence and unpleasant manifestations just as we find in present day Nepal under the tyrannous regime. But he most painful aspect of the problem has been its relegation to the background far from the gaze of the outside world, a fact which has been utilized by the autocracy in power to perpetrate and perpetuate its heinous act of enslavement and exploitations. This book is intended to throw light on various problems so far lying obscure and to draw the attention of the world towards the unhappy lot of the Nepalese people.


A major portion of the book covers ground of a lengthy note, which was prepared by the author in the early months of 1942 for presenting the various aspects of the Nepalese problem to the Indian leaders on the eve of the great August revolution. That was the time when even in the distant corner of the Himalayas the message of freedom had resounded and everyone of us had felt its urge to advance on the road to a grim struggle against the rampant feudal tyranny. Unfortunately, however, the note fell into the hands of the Indian C.I.D. to be alter on use as an incriminating evidence against the author in a fake conspiracy case which entailed so much of harassment and suffering to him personally and got lost in the tangle and tragic drama ensuing thereafter. 

The present book is enlarged edition of the same not reproduced from memory rewritten and reworked to contain the details as they unfolded in the course of the fearless search for truth in the atmosphere of free Indian after 1946.I have also added a new chapter covering the incidents and the facts since 1942 up till today to make the document as up –to-date as could be made possible in the changed situation, which as lacking in view of the earlier work to have been completed in 1942.The book emerging in its present size traces events as a historical survey to the day as late as October, 1949.

This book thus describes conditions of Nepal in all their nudity and horror as they developed during the last hundred years of the autocratic rule of the Rana family. The readers will note that these conditions are unique in the power of resistance they possess in showing themselves hideously   perpetuated, to which a great interest naturally attaches for those of us in India, whose mind has been trained in an atmosphere of the change owing to the unexpected withdrawal of the British Rule in 1947.

The sources for the historical narratives are mostly eyewitnesses’ account of them supplemented by a few available records, which the author had to verify by data obtained in India. I have not brushed aside the flattering and biased versions of the events and accounts of personalities left by interested European. But in trying to finalize the conclusions I have always erred on the side of logical probabilities and on deductions dictated by common sense to be based on the study of the present condition of the place, which also accurately reveals a grim story of the past in that context.

About the relevance of such document as is produced here I hope no body will have the least doubt. Such a fact giving document presented without the least distortion   does not exist so far in regard to Nepal and further as a country coming once again into the world picture the urgency of knowing things in its relation has been never so keenly felt as at in its relation has been never so keenly felt as at present. The author will be gratified if this contribution to the knowledge of that subject and if it also went to enliven and stimulate world interest I the unhappy tale of the Nepalese there will be a cause to be satisfies and optimistic about the future of the struggle which the Nepalese people are waging relentlessly at the moment.

“ Hundred years of tyranny” was the title of the work originally proposed. But it was taken to be undermining the historical value of the historical value of the material and also showing the author to be a mere propagandist with a blurred vision and unduly prejudiced in mind. This apprehension might be incorrect and too- far-fetched, but the author had no doubt that this title was likely to create misunderstanding. The present title “ A Century of family Autocracy in Nepal” has been, therefore adapted to avoid any such impression, although the content has struck unaltered even to a word. 

In the end I would like to express my gratitude to friends who have helped me in my task. I want to mention in particular the venerable name of Dr.B. Pattabhi Sitaramayya, the President of the Indian National Congress, whose foreword contributed to this book has definitely enhanced its value and prestige. It was very kind of him to spare a part of his busy time for the work, go through the ordeal of reading the typed manuscript at great length and to write the foreword. It only speaks of his profound solicitude for the people of Nepal. I am really proud of being able to be favored with the foreword and feel so much indebted to him that it is difficult for me to express in words. The patron without whose monetary assistance the book could not have seen the light of print is another person to whom I owe a debt of gratitude. 






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